Post-operative instruction after tooth extraction

After a tooth extraction:

The care recommended here should be followed to promote healing. Note that after surgery, it is normal to feel some discomfort and swelling.

Day of surgery

  • Keep the pads in your mouth for an hour or two, maintaining firm pressure, and change them every half hour as needed.
  • Always keep your head up.
  • Apply ice to the cheek at regular intervals (20 minutes of ice every hour).
  • If you are bleeding, take a lightly moistened gauze pad or tea bag and bite down on the pad or tea bag for 20 minutes.
  • Blood flow and saliva staining are normal postoperative effects.
  • Limit your physical efforts. Get some rest.
  • Do not dislodge the blood clot that has formed, as it helps healing.
  • Do not eat anything until the bleeding has stopped.
  • Avoid drinking through a straw.
  • Avoid rinsing your mouth or spitting.
  • Do not smoke or drink alcohol.
  • Do not eat hard foods.
  • Avoid brushing your teeth near the extraction area for the first 72 hours.


  • If you are bothered by pain, take the medication that has been prescribed for you.
  • If you have antibiotics prescribed for this treatment, continue to take them for the period of time indicated, even if the symptoms disappear.


  • Eat only soft foods or warm liquids on the day of extraction. Return to your regular diet as soon as you are able.

From the next day until full recovery

  • Rinse your mouth three times a day with warm water and salt (2 ml or 1/2 teaspoon of salt in 250 ml or 1 cup of water).
  • Brush and floss your teeth daily to remove plaque and ensure better long-term results. Avoid brushing the extraction area for the first 72 hours.
  • Avoid eating hard foods (nuts, candy, ice cream)
  • You may have difficulty with pronunciation and increased saliva. This should settle down within a week.
  • Bruises may appear on the skin. They will disappear after five to seven days.
  • You may have difficulty opening your mouth. This should subside after four to five days.
  • If, after three days, the pain increases instead of decreasing, call us.

After a few days, you will feel better and be able to resume your usual activities. If you are bleeding a lot, are in pain, have had swelling for two or three days, or are reacting to the medication, call us at 450.465.7800.