Gum disease

Gingivitis

A myriad of bacteria proliferate in your mouth.  Many are beneficial and harmless, but others deposit themselves on your teeth in a thin biofilm: dental plaque.

An effective brushing technique lasting 2 minutes will remove most of the plaque. What remains will harden and turn into tartar after a few days.  Gingivitis is a mild form of gum disease caused by the accumulation of plaque and tartar.  There is bleeding in the mouth when brushing and inflammation of the gums.  This disease usually resolves itself following a cleaning performed in a clinic by a professional.

Preventing gingivitis from developing into periodontitis

It is important to treat gingivitis quickly before it turns into periodontitis, because the bone that supports the teeth deteriorates and weakens the teeth.

Note that pregnancy gingivitis is usually only temporary, as it is caused by hormonal changes. Everything returns to normal after delivery.

You think you have gingivitis? Consult us quicklyOur experienced team will be able to make a diagnosis and give you sound advice that applies to your situation.

Periodontitis

Persistent inflammation eventually creates spaces between the teeth and gums where bacteria multiply.  Periodontitis, a deep infection of the gums, is the main cause of tooth loss in adults.

Fortunately, early intervention can prevent tooth loss. The first phase of treatment is a deep cleaning, sometimes combined with antibiotic therapy. In cases of severe periodontitis with pockets larger than 5mm, surgery will be necessary.

A few tips

Without treatment, the harmful bacteria from gingivitis can enter the bloodstream and affect the heart, lungs and other organs. Gingivitis also worsens complications from diabetes and increases the risk of heart disease.  Genetics, hormonal changes and certain medications can also cause gingivitis. To reduce the risk of gingivitis, we recommend

  • Brush twice a day for 2 minutes with a fluoride toothpaste recognized by the Canadian Dental Association (a seal of approval should be on the package).
  • Floss daily
  • Use an antibacterial mouthwash
  • Replace toothbrush every three months
  • Eat calcium-rich foods
  • Avoid cigarettes and sticky sweets
  • See your dentist regularly, as often as he or she recommends

Official seal found on toothpastes approved by the Canadian Dental Association